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  • 7 major myths and facts about women asylum seekers

    1
  • A civilised society mental health provision for refugees and asylum-seekers in England and Wales

    2
  • Asylum: understanding public attitudes

    3
  • Between a mountain and a sea: Refugees writing in Wales

    4
  • Bordering on Concern: Child Trafficking in Wales

    5
  • Contacts

    6

    Amnesty International Wales

    Temple Court

    Cathedral rd

    Cardiff

    CF11 9HA

    Telephone: 02920786415

    Fax: 02920786416

    Email:

    Website: www.amnesty.org.uk/wales

    AWETU

    120-122 Broadway

    Roath

    Cardiff

    CF24 1NJ

    Telephone: 02920488002

    Email:

    Website: www.awetu.org.uk

    British Red Cross Refugee service, South and East Wales

    Bradbury House

    Mission Court
    Newport

    South Wales

    NP20 2DW

    Telephone: 01633245750         

    Website: http://www.redcross.org.uk/standard.asp?id=89415     

    Butetown Community Centre

    Loudon Square

    Butetown

    Cardiff

    CF10 5UZ

    Telephone: 02920487658

    Email: (Carrole Fox: Chairperson)

    Website: http://www.butetowncommunitycentre.co.uk/

    Cardiff Basic Skills Service

    The Friary Community Education Centre

    The Friary

    Cardiff

    CF10 3FA

    Telephone: 02920227472/3

    Fax:  02920227471

    Email:

    Website: http://www.cardiff.gov.uk/content.asp?nav=2869,3067,3920&parent_directory_id=2865&id=2145

    Cardiff Community Housing Association

    2 Ocean Way

    Ocean Park

    Cardiff

    CF24 5TG

    Telephone: 02920462142

    Fax: 02920468444                                  

    Website: www.ccha.org.uk

    Cardiff Council Refugee Support Team

    158-164 Newport Road

    Cardiff

    CF24 1DL                                                                                       

    Telephone: 02920454854

    Cardiff Council

    County Hall

    Atlantic Wharf

    Cardiff.

    CF10 4UW 

    Telephone: 02920872000

    Email:

    Website: http://www.cardiff.gov.uk/

    Children in Wales

    25 Windsor Place              

    Cardiff                                                                                                                             

    CF10 3BZ   

    Telephone: 02920342434

    Fax: 02920343134

    Email:

    Website: www.childreninwales.org.uk

    Citizens Advice Bureau: Cardiff

    1st Floor, Castle House

    Castle Street

    Cardiff

    CF10 1BS                                                                                                                 

    Telephone: 02920346490                                                                                                     

    Fax: 02920220821                                                                                                         

    Website: http://www.citizensadvice.org.uk/bureau_detail.htm?serialnumber=102929

    Displaced People in Action

    CSV House

    Williams Way

    Cardiff

    CF10 5DY

    Telephone: 02920388389

    Fax: 02920388389

    Email:

    Website: http://www.displacedpeopleinaction.org         

    Equality and Human Rights Commission

    3rd Floor

    3 Callaghan Square

    Cardiff

    CF10 5BT

    Telephone: 02920447710

    Helpline: 08456048810

    Fax: 02920447712

    Email:  

    Website: http://www.equalityhumanrights.com/wales/    

    The Huggard Centre (Homelessness day centre)

    Tresillian Way

    Cardiff

    CF10 5JZ

    Telephone: 02920349980

    Fax: 02920349981

    Email:

    Website:  http://huggard.org.uk/index.html

    The Immigration Advisory Service

    30 Richmond Road

    Roath

    Cardiff

    CF24 3AS

    Telephone: 02920496662

    Website: http://www.iasuk.org/home.aspx

    Iraqi Community Association of Wales

    Cae Cob

    Aspen Close

    St Mellons

    Cardiff

    CF3 0BT

    Telephone: 02920372032

    Iranian Community Organisation

    C/o Welsh Refugee Council

    Phoenix House

    389 Newport Road

    Cardiff

    CF24 1TP

    Telephone: 07939439067

    Job Centre Plus

    64 Charles Street

    Cardiff

    CF10 2GS

    Telephone: 02920428400        

    Marlborough Road Partnership: Cardiff Supported Housing for Single Young People                                                                                                                                   

    44-46 Marlborough Road

    Roath

    Cardiff

    CF23 5BX

    Telephone: 02920497531

    Fax: 02920453083

    Email: caroline.o'shaughnessy@barnardos.org.uk

    Website: http://www.barnardos.org.uk/marlboroughroad

    Marlborough Road Partnership: Cardiff Young Families                                   

    46 Marlborough Road

    Roath

    Cardiff

    Cardiff City

    CF23 5BX

    Telephone: 02920497531

    Fax: 02920453083

    Email: caroline.o'shaughnessy@barnardos.org.uk

    Website: http://www.barnardos.org.uk/marlboroughroad

    Refugee Voice Wales

    C/o Welsh Refugee Council

    Phoenix House

    389 Newport Road

    Cardiff

    CF24 1TP

    Telephone: 02920432987

    Fax: 02920432980

    Email:

    Website: www.refugeevoicewales.org

    The Parade ESOL Service (English for Speakers of Other Languages)

    The Parade Centre

    28 The Parade

    Roath

    Cardiff

    CF24 3AB

    Telephone: 02920495578

    Fax: 02920484022

    Email:

    Refugee Children's Advice and Information Worker

    Kathryn Tucker

    Wales Strategic Migration Partnership

    Brynglas Bungalow

    Brynglas Road

    Newport

    NP20 5QU

    Telephone: 01633855095

    Mobile: 07791411495

    Email:

    Refugee Well Housing Project

    C/o Welsh Refugee Council

    Phoenix House

    389 Newport Road

    Cardiff

    CF24 1TP

    Telephone: 02920489800

    Shelter Cymru

    PO Box 5002

    Cardiff

    CF5 3YY

    Telephone: 08450755005

    Fax: 02920566096

    Website: http://www.sheltercymru.org.uk

    The Somali Integration Society

    Dominions House

    Queen Street

    Cardiff

    CF10 2AR

    Telephone: 02920397881

    Website: http://sisuk.org/

    South Wales Police Authority

    Tŷ Morgannwg

    Police Headquarters

    Bridgend

    CF31 3SU

    Telephone: 01656869366

    Fax: 01656869366

    Email:

    Website: http://www.southwalespoliceauthority.org.uk/

    SOVA Wales Refugee Services

    Marine House

    23 Mount Stuart Square

    Cardiff

    CF10 5DP

    Telephone: 02920495281

    STAR

    Website: www.star-network.org.uk

    UK Border Agency Public Enquiry Office

    General buildings

    Ground floor

    31-33 Newport Road

    Cardiff

    CF24 0AB

    Website: http://www.ind.homeoffice.gov.uk/contact/applyinginperson/

    The Wales Asylum Seeking and Refugee Doctors Group (WARD)

    Mrs Leona Walsh (Performance Manager)

    School of Postgraduate Medical and Dental Education

    Cardiff University

    Neuadd Meirionnydd

    Heath Park

    Cardiff

    CF14 4YS

    Telephone: 02920687417 Extension: 87417

    Email: 

    Wales Strategic Migration Partnership (WSMP)

    Newport City Council

    Brynglas Bungalow

    Brynglas Road

    Newport

    NP20 5QU

    Telephone: 01633855095

    Fax: 01633 858468

    Welsh Assembly Government

    Crown Building

    Cathays Park

    Cardiff

    CF10 3NQ

    Telephone: 08450104400

    Website: http://wales.gov.uk

    Welsh Refugee Council

    Phoenix House

    389 Newport Road

    Cardiff

    CF24 1TP

    Telephone: 02920489800
    Fax: 02920432980

    Email:

    Website: http://www.welshrefugeecouncil.org

    Women Connect First

    7 Neville Street

    Cardiff

    CF11 6LP

    Telephone: 02920343154


     

     

  • Context

    7

    Cardiff, the Welsh Capital, is the largest and most populous city in Wales with an estimated population of more than 315,000 (www.visitcardiff.com).  

     Cardiff's role as a major port in the 19th century was fundamental to the region's industrialization, whilst also giving rise to immigration into the area. Initially immigrants came from Europe, Yemen and Somalia. Immigration continued throughout the 20th

    century with a large number of people from Asia and The Caribbean settling in the area. Today Cardiff continues to receive a high number of asylum seekers and economic migrants and estimates suggest that 1 in 10 residents belong to an ethnic minority (www.cardiff.gov.uk). Whilst Cardiff may claim to have one of the longest established ethnic minority communities in the UK, the council still recognises that more must be done to further integration and provide equal opportunities to these communities (www.cardiff.gov.uk).

  • Creative regeneration: Lessons from ten community arts projects

    8
  • Current Situation

    9

    Refugees

    In 2005 Cardiff County Council estimated the number of refugees in Cardiff to be somewhere around 6000 (Sherrie, 2007). The number of refugees in Cardiff has increased dramatically since Cardiff became a dispersal area. Furthermore, some have been attracted by the previously established Somali and Yemeni communities.  

    In 2005 Butetown was the area with the highest proportion of non-white and mixed race residents at almost 35%. Riverside had the second highest (Cardiff Communities First, 2005). The geographical spread of refugees is similar.

     

    Cardiff Bay/Butetown (flickr.com/photos/careyd/2024139527/)
    Cardiff Bay/Butetown
    Source:flickr.com/photos/careyd/2024139527

     

    Prior to the dispersal of asylum seekers to Cardiff there were only 8 organisations that provided any targeted assistance to refugees, and few refugee community organisations (RCOs). Furthermore decision-makers did not consider refugees and their needs to be an important issue (Robinson, 1999). Since dispersal however there has been an improvement in the number of services and the Welsh National Assembly has demonstrated a more positive political attitude to asylum, despite some arguments that it has been slow to realise its responsibility (Welsh refugee Council, 2007). The Refugee Inclusion Strategy (2008) demonstrates a higher level of commitment.

    Asylum Seekers

    At any one time there are about 2300 asylum seekers dispersed across four cluster areas in Wales. Cardiff receives the most at around 49%. In April 2009 52% of asylum seekers in Wales were made up of families, and in 33% of the families a woman was head of the household. (www.newport.gov.uk)

    In Cardiff at the end of June 2009 there were 980 asylum seekers receiving UKBA (NASS) support and in supported accommodation (Home Office, 2009).

    It is important to note that there are some differences between policy in Wales and the rest of the UK concerning asylum seekers:

    • ESOL Provision: Welsh Assembly Government provides free ESOL for asylum seekers, whereas in the rest of the UK there are restrictions.
    • Health: New NHS regulations in Wales grant asylum seekers, and failed asylum seekers, free health care. In the UK the government has no such responsibility.

    Sian Summers from Displaced People in Action argues that the Welsh Assembly Government has a different perspective towards asylum seekers and refugees. She suggests that unlike the UK government Welsh policy looks to support refugees and asylum seekers living in Wales and promotes integration.

    Whilst the Welsh National Assembly has declared that it is taking steps to accommodate asylum seekers in Wales, legal provisions and mental health services are deficient and there is also a need for more outreach work to support vulnerable asylum seekers and refugees (Sian Summers, DPIA). Furthermore, it remains the case that the worst areas of deprivation in Wales are also the areas in Cardiff where the greatest numbers of asylum seekers live (Threadgold, 2008).

    Key Organisations

    Displaced People in Action

    "DPIA works for the relief of those seeking asylum and those granted refugee status that are in conditions of need, hardship and distress and to promote the integration of those seeking asylum and those granted refugee status by delivering following services" (DPIA services poster). Services include; readiness for work, refugee inclusion and employment service and ESOL classes. DPIA also offers support and guidance for promoting the development of RCOs and in doing so hopes to promote community development. Furthermore DPIA provides refugee awareness training and promotes cross cultural activities as part of the organisation's inclusion initiative.

    Refugee Voice Wales

    In 2004 Refugee Voice Wales was formed: an umbrella group based in Cardiff that represents Welsh Refugee Community Organisations. It was formed by a number of RCO leaders intending to empower refugees and asylum seekers and provide a platform upon which their voices would be listened to. Projects and policy groups include: The All Wales Inclusion Policy, Refugee Week, Media Working Group, Progress to Work Centre, Community Development Cymru and the Refugees and Asylum Seekers Welcome (www.refugeevoicewales.org)

    Somali Integration Society

    The Somali Integration Society was established to enable the Somali community to become self-sufficient and independent, whilst allowing them to function and gain recognition as equal and essential members of society and the Cardiff community (http://sisuk.org/aims/).

     

     


     

     

  • Dispersal of asylum seekers: Press and public attitudes around the UK

    10
  • Educational and training needs of the Somali community in South Glamorgan

    11
  • English language as a barrier to employment, education and training

    12
  • History

    13

     

    Before the implementation of the 1999 Immigration and Asylum Act Wales very few asylum seekers and refugees settled in Wales. There was however a small refugee community. The Vietnamese were perhaps the first to arrive in 1979, followed by Somalis fleeing civil war in the 1980s. Many Somalis settled in Cardiff, attracted by the small yet established community already there (Robinson, 2006).

     In 1997 the Welsh Refugee Council commissioned Professor Vaughan Robinson to conduct some research into refugees in Wales. Professor Robinson found that there were approximately 3565 refugees and asylum seekers living in Wales, with 67% living in Cardiff. 70% were Somali, 9% Vietnamese, 7% Iranian, 6% Sudanese and 6% Iraqi.

    Professor Robinson found that service provision for refugees at this time was extremely poor and attitudes towards asylum and refugee matters were shaped by a ‘culture of ignorance, disbelief and denial'. An absence of research and information concerning refugees in Wales and a widespread refusal to acknowledge the issues allowed organisations to avoid their responsibilities towards refugees (Robinson, 2006).

     

    The Immigration and Asylum Act of 1999 has had the most significance in the history of refugee settlement in Cardiff. The dispersal of asylum seekers away from London and the South East to other regions of the UK was introduced under the act in order to reduce the demand on areas where there was a lack of housing. The dispersal process was overseen by a new agency called the National Asylum Support Service (NASS), which provided support and accommodation to adult asylum seekers via contracts with various councils around the country. As part of Home Office restructuring, NASS ceased to exist as a directorate in 2006 and all asylum support issues are now dealt with by the United Kingdom Border Agency (UKBA).

     

     

  • Immigration and Inclusion in South Wales

    14
  • Investigation into the allegations made by Louise Perrett about her experiences working for the UK Border Agency (July 2010)

    15
  • Local government finance [Wales]: Special grant report [No. 2] Wales 2000: Special grant for asylum seekers [Adults, families of asylum seekers and unaccompanied asylum seeking children]

    16
  • Media monitoring report Sept 02-March 03

    17
  • Migrants Cities Research: Cardiff

    18
  • References

    19

    Andrew, Holly ; Pollard, Naomi  and Shah, Jaideep (2008): Living Together Programme, Migrants Cities Research- Cardiff.

    Cardiff Communities First (2005) Black and Ethnic Minority Communities Consultation Report, Cardiff: Cardiff Communities First.

    Communities and Housing in Wales, Cardiff, Welsh Assembly Government.

    Home Office (2009) Control of Immigration: Quarterly Statistical Summary. April-June 2009, London: Home Office.

    Home Office (2009) Crime in England and Wales 2008/9: Welsh Fact Sheet, London: Home Office.

    Kelly, Emma (2009) Bordering on Concern: Child Trafficking in Wales, London: ECPAT.

    Marquis, Sherrie (2007) An Audit of Refugee Skills and Qualifications in Wales- A Research Summary, Cardiff: Welsh Refugee Council.

    Robinson, Vaughan (1999) Cultures of Ignorance, Disbelief and Denial: Refugees in Wales, Journal of Refugee Studies, Volume 12(1): 78-87.

    Robinson, Vaughan (2006) Mapping the Field: Refugee Housing in Wales, Cardiff: Welsh Refugee Council.

    Smart, Kate (2009) Tally of destitution among asylum seekers, refused asylum seekers and refugees in Wales, Cardiff: Welsh Refugee Council.

    Threadgold, Terry et al (2008) Immigration and Inclusion in South Wales, Cardiff, University of Cardiff.

    Welsh Assembly Government (2001) 2001 Census Snapshot of Black and Minority Ethnic

    Welsh Assembly Government (2004) A Statistical Focus on Ethnicity in Wales, Cardiff: Welsh Assembly Government

    Welsh Assembly Government (2008) Refugee Inclusion Strategy, Cardiff: Welsh Assembly Government.

    Welsh Assembly Government (2008b) Statistics on Migrant Workers in Wales, Cardiff: Welsh Assembly Government.

    Welsh Refugee Council (2007) Evidence submitted to the Independent Asylum Commission, Cardiff: Welsh Refugee Council.

     

    Web Resources

     www.bbc.co.uk

    www.bia.homeoffice.gov.uk/

    www.brtishcouncil.org/livingtogether

    www.cardiff.gov.uk/

    www.displacedpeopleinaction.org/

    flickr.com/photos/careyd/2024139527/

    www.homeoffice.gov.uk

    http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/crime/man-admits-racist-killing-of-refugee-who-defied-saddam-486721.html

     www.newport.gov.uk/_dc/index.cfm?fuseaction=refugeesasylum.homepage

     http://noborderswales.org.uk/

     www.refugeevoicewales.org/

     http://sisuk.org/

     www.visitcardiff.com

     http://wales.gov.uk/

     www.welshrefugeecouncil.org/

  • Refugee Inclusion Strategy

    20
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